Software Testing in Java
Why Automate Testing?
- Achieves stakeholder goals
- Meets functional requirments
- Correctly handles corner cases
Writing Good Tests
Writing Test Code with JUnit & Java “JUnit is a Testing framework.”
This video is an introduction how to make a Junit test in eclipse.
Given the preconditions for the test, what should the code look like when the behavior happens…
GIVEN – WHEN – THEN
Failures VS. Errors
- Tried to check a behavior
- An assertion failed
- Suggests the code is broken
- At any point in the test
- An exception was thrown
- Suggests the test is broken
Why should we care about test code quality?
– Readability- Coupling
Tests are code, treat them like it… Test code is the same thing as application code if you want to be able to read your code after a year.
What does a good test look like?
DRY (Don’t repeat yourself)
Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within tests.
Behavior not implementation
Try to test the behavior of the class in action, don’t trans-pass the inner class to test it… (Don’t look at private methods)
– Implementation: “Exposing private state results in brittle and hard to maintain tests”
– Behavior: You can change the implementation and the tests still passes
Well named (For ex: PersonController the test should be PersonControllerTest)
– Naming provides executable documentation
– Maintenance: What test does what?
– Readability: When we are reading our test we need to tie our test to the body of the code
for example: assertEquals(“Wrong quantity of coffee”, 1, order.size());